Terms of Reference
Feasibility study for Agro-ecological Programme in Zimbabwe
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The World Peace Service (Weltfriedensdienst e.V.; WFD) is searching for a consultant / consultant company to conduct a feasibility study for its agro-ecological programme in Zimbabwe.
The WFD is a politically independent non-profit organisation without religious affiliation. We have been working in crisis and conflict regions since 1959. As a recognised partner in international development cooperation and implementing organisation of the Civil Peace Service, we support civil society organisations, especially on the grassroots level, and strengthen local ownership in development cooperation.
Together with our local partner organisations, we empower people in Africa, Latin America and Asia to improve their living conditions through their own efforts. We support them in managing conflicts peacefully, in managing resources in a democratic and sustainable manner, in promoting food security and in protecting human rights. Hand-in-hand with local civil society organisations, advisors strive for peace, justice and sustainable development.
In Chimanimani, WFD is working since 2002 with community based organisations on agro-ecological approaches, especially in terms of water use management and farming techniques as well as land and livestock management. After a period of funding separate projects with local partner organisations such as PORET, TSURO and PELUM Zimbabwe, WFD aims at combining the efforts of our partners to have larger and wider impact on the population and the environment in Chimanimani as well as political decision makers on district, province and national levels. A consolidated programme has therefore been proposed to the German Ministry for Technical Cooperation and Development (BMZ), incorporating the above mentioned organisations as partners. Technical advisors will be seconded to the project region to support and develop both, technical and coordination capacities.
The objective of the present feasibility study is to provide WFD and its local programme partners with a solid basis for enhancing the programme concept by clarifying requirements, opportunities and risks, and offering guidance on optimising the concept, where necessary.
In particular, this involves an assessment of the feasibility of the programme and a systematic review of the extent to which the programme approach can plausibly achieve the planned impacts and improvements under the existing prevailing circumstances. The joint learning from the insights gained seeks to increase the effectiveness and sustainability of the programme.
Based on the programme context in the annex, the consultant will assess the following research questions:
1) Initial situation and problem analysis, on macro- meso- and micro-levels
2) Local programme partner in the partner country
3) Beneficiaries and other stakeholders (on a micro-, meso- and macro-level)
Relevance – To what extent is the planned programme doing the right thing?
Coherence – how suitable is the intervention?
Effectiveness – which programme approach is best for achieving the objectives?
Efficiency – is the proposed programme’s planned use of funds a cost-effective method to achieve its objectives?
Impact (significance) – what contribution does the planned programme make to achieving higher-level development impact?
Sustainability – to what extent will the positive impact remain once the programme has ended (without additional external funding)?
5) Concrete Recommendations
On the basis of the main findings the consultant will develop concrete suggestions for each of the above-mentioned areas which can then be incorporated into the programme concept. The overall guiding questions are:
The feasibility study process will include two major steps:
|Submission of financial and technical proposals||21.08.2023, 23:59 CEST||Please send your proposal to following email address:
firstname.lastname@example.org, citing as subject “ZWE – feasibility study”
For consideration, your proposal must include:
– CV of participating researchers
– Proof of previous experience for similar consultancies (work samples etc.)
– Technical proposal with description of the consultant’s understanding of the context and his/her approach in terms of methodology for both, literature review and field assessment
– Financial proposal and proposed timeline
|Contraction of consultant||30.08.2023|
|Inception report with detailed methodology and tools||04.09.2023||The inception report should include following elements:
– Description of the consultant’s understanding of the context and main problem analysis
– Methodology for literature review (detailed list of relevant policies, studies, documents to be included)
– Methodology for field assessment (quantitative and qualitative tools)
– Updated timeline
|Preliminary report and presentation of findings||04.10.2023||In a presentation to stakeholders such as WFD and identified organisations, the consultant will present:
– Context on micro- meso- and macro level
– Stakeholder Mapping
– Main findings on each OECD criteria
– Main recommendations
|Submission of final report (including relevant data bases for future use)||13.10.2023||The structure of the final report must contain:
– Context and problem analysis
– Objectives of the study
· Stakeholder Mapping
· Market assessment and opportunities
· Baseline data for possible impact indicators
· OECD criteria
– Recommendations (impact matrix, activities and possible budget)
Applicants may be individual consultants, a group of individual consultants or consulting companies with relevant expertise. Applicants must have at a minimum the following qualifications:
Bringing back biodiversity and water tables – scaling up agro-ecological approaches to ensure food and nutrition security and preserve the environment.
In Zimbabwe, the agricultural sector is dominated by 1.5 million small farmers. They produce about 70% of Zimbabwe’s staple foods and practice rain-fed agriculture on an average land area of 2 hectares. The majority of small farmers reside in regions characterized by high temperatures, low annual rainfall, and soil degradation: Climate change, soil degradation, loss of biodiversity, and outbreaks of pests and diseases mean that small farmers are increasingly impoverished by declining harvests and even less able to offset the impacts of climate change. This is also the case for the programme region, Chimanimani. To a large extent, industrial agriculture, the massive use of synthetic fertilizers, hybrid seeds, and pesticides and herbicides have contributed to these deteriorating circumstances. Declining soil quality must be countered with increased use of artificial fertilizers, leading to further soil degradation that reduces yields achieved over time and increases risks for farmers as production costs rise. Agro-ecological approaches have been identified as a sustainable solution to enhance resilience, improve livelihoods of farmers and protect the environment from further harm.
The above mentioned problems are thus two-folds: on an environmental scale as well as on a population’s income and livelihood scale. The programme proposes activities on household, community and national level to contribute to a sustainable development in Chimanimani which are in line with SDG 1, 2, 12, 13, 15.
Agro-ecological approaches on household and landscape level
The programme proposes a landscape and model village concept. Agro-ecological practices, such as holistic land and livestock management (HLLM) and permaculture will be intensified and scaled up in areas with low biodiversity and receding water tables. Trainings
A model village approach (for example such as eco-village) will implement permaculture designs and water harvesting systems on household level and surrounding areas (such as watershed areas). These activities will have an impact on both, household income on individual homestead area and the general water table recharge.
HLLM activities will focus on high adherence of cattle owners in well specified areas with low biodiversity. Investments on water sources, fencing and veterinary services will create the necessary cattle rearing infrastructure. Communities will be encouraged to combine agricultural activities and cattle farming through for example crop field impaction.
Continuous training courses on relevant agro-ecological approaches, especially permaculture and HLLM, but also related methods such as seed management, production of bio-fertilizer, etc) will enhance skills and resilience capacities of the target group.
Regular technical support from experts beyond the implementing partners (such as ACHM) will ensure technical advice on challenges and increase capacities of implementing partners.
Beyond the increase of individual skills, the above mentioned activities will also enhance communities’ responsibility and ownership of commonly owned land and resources as they will jointly plan the implementation of eco-village, water-harvesting systems, grazing plans etc.
Depending on the results of the market analysis, territorial markets and linkages to provincial markets for identified products with promising value chains will the established or improved.
Joint learning and building of synergies
Through the consolidated programme approach, implementing partners will enhance coordination, joint learning and building of synergies. Exchange visits between organisations, communities and individual farmers will increase exchange, learning and social cohesion in the project region.
Creation of evidence and policy influence
Shared learning documentation of approaches and evidence creation through Participatory Action research will increase visibility of the project at national and continental level, mainly through the PELUM Zimbabwe Network. The created evidences will also be used to influence identified policies on district and national level towards a sustainable agricultural system.
 Detailed information on the OECD criteria can be found at https://www.oecd.org/dac/evaluation/daccriteriaforevaluatingdevelopmentassistance.htm